Installing php-fpm and apache2

I’ve readed a lot of tutorials of using nginx and php-fpm.
I’m still using apache2 much more due the .htaccess easiness that allow with rewriting and password protect (despite using other modules like mod_svn, etc)

Even I haven’t found a 100% transparent solution like ngninx, here is what I’m using to work with php-fpm and apache2. Here are the steps in debian:

  • echo "deb stable all" >> /etc/apt/sources.list
  • apt-get update
  • apt-get install libapache2-mod-fastcgi apache2-mpm-worker php5-fpm php5-common php5-cli
  • do all the apt-get of all php5-* modules you want
  • Add the following to a new file: /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/fpm.load
    AddType application/x-httpd-fastphp5 .php .phtml
    Action application/x-httpd-fastphp5 /fast-cgi-fake-handler
  • in /etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf change:
    listen =


    ; listen =
     listen = /var/run/php-fpm.socket

    This will enable the unix socket which should be faster

  • /etc/init.d/php-fpm restart
  • /etc/init.d/apache2 restart


With this you will be able to use php-fpm through a /fast-cgi-fake-handler so for example in your /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default your file will look like:

FastCGIExternalServer /var/www/fast-cgi-fake-handler -socket /var/run/php-fpm.socket
DocumentRoot /var/www

The system will rewrite /index.php path into: /fast-cgi-fake-handler/index.php which will be passed to the fastcgi

This have two problems:

  1. You need to set the FastCGIExternalServer like ${DOCUMENT_ROOT}/fast-cgi-fake-handler in all your virtual hosts to make it work
  2. Zend framework and other which use the consume all url’s pattern to pass through index.php will not work as will generate an endless loop, there is an easy solution, in your .htaccess use after RewriteEngine On:
    RewriteRule ^fast-cgi-fake-handler/ - [L,NC]

    this will skip processing all urls which contain “fast-cgi-fake-handler” at start; or of course use a RewriteCond to avoid this.


Recipes for using SVN library in PHP

The SVN library in PHP allows to work with SVN through a working copy or directly to the SVN repository files:

The problem is there is really few documentation for the direct access functions to repository (svn_repos_* and svn_fs_*) the code is almost the same to working in C the libsvn, but also there are few documentation, most of the svn command.

The good is that is really easy to work with SVN, basically you only need to:

  1. call to svn_repos_open($path) for getting a $repo handler
  2. call to svn_repos_fs($repo) to get a $repo_fs handler
  3. get the latest revision through:  svn_fs_youngest_rev($repo_fs);
  4. Get a $transaction through svn_repos_fs_begin_txn_for_commit($repo, $latest_revision, $commiter, $log_message);
  5. Get a $repo_root resource with svn_fs_txn_root($repo_txn);
    With $repo_root will be the most of operations and the $repo_txn will just work for do a commit or abort
  6. do all the operations (create a file/dir, remove, set contents)
  7. Call to svn_repos_fs_commit_txn($repo_txn); if you want to commit, or svn_fs_abort_txn ( $repo_txn ); if you want to abort the transaction

If you read the part of API for SVN: you will see an example for creating a new dir; this code can be easily changed to PHP since the calls are almost the same (replace  svn_repos_fs_begin_txn_for_commit2 for svn_repos_fs_begin_txn_for_commit) I will show you a script for init the repository creating the common paths (branches, tags, trunk) into an empty repository:

//the path to your repository
$svn_path = "/var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo";

//open the repo
$svn_repo = svn_repos_open($svn_path);

//get a fs handler
$repo_fs = svn_repos_fs($svn_repo);

//get latest revision
$latest_revision = svn_fs_youngest_rev($repo_fs);

//generate a transaction, with user and log message
$repo_txn = svn_repos_fs_begin_txn_for_commit($svn_repo, $latest_revision, 'user-repo-label', 'Creating paths');

//get the root respource to this transaction
$repo_root = svn_fs_txn_root($repo_txn);

//create the dirs
svn_fs_make_dir($repo_root, "trunk");
svn_fs_make_dir($repo_root, "tags");
svn_fs_make_dir($repo_root, "branches");

//finally commit the transaction

This script is called: create-repository-paths.php

You will see at end the list of scripts, the order to use is: (with svn commands in the console to check if worked):

#create SVN repository
danguer@rukia:~$ svnadmin create /var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo
#checking is empty
danguer@rukia:~$ svn ls file:///var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo

#create paths
danguer@rukia:~$ php create-repository-paths.php
danguer@rukia:~$ svn ls file:///var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo

#creating dirs
danguer@rukia:~$ php create-dirs-recursive.php
danguer@rukia:~$ svn ls file:///var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo/test
danguer@rukia:~$ svn ls file:///var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo/test/subdir1
danguer@rukia:~$ svn ls file:///var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo/test/subdir1/subdir2
danguer@rukia:~$ svn ls file:///var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo/test/subdir1/subdir2/subdir3

#create a new file
danguer@rukia:~$ php write-contents.php
danguer@rukia:~$ svn ls file:///var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo/test/myfile.txt
danguer@rukia:~$ svn cat file:///var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo/test/myfile.txt
Lorem Ipsum, file generated with svn

#remove file
danguer@rukia:~$ php remove-object.php
danguer@rukia:~$ svn cat file:///var/lib/svn/repos/testrepo/test/myfile.txt
svn: File not found: revision 4, path '/test/myfile.txt'



NFS client “Permission Denied” on Debian unstable

While I was trying to access to a master NFS server in lenny from a squeeze client, I was having “Permission denied” when I tried to write any file; as there are other NFS clients with the same configuration this didn’t seem to be a problem of NFS configuration but rather from new client version.

After some googling time, I found this bug:

If you want to know if your version is having this problem, you can check doing a “cat /proc/mounts” and should see the NFS mount with a “sec=null” and that is giving you the problem.

A suggestion from bug report is to downgrade, but that could not be an option in a fresh installed squeeze so the other workaround is easy:

  1. Unmount all nfs (important as I only unmount a exported filesystem from a server and won’t work until you unmount all)
  2. On /etc/fstab (or when mounting if you are doing manual) add the option sec=sys to all the mounts for that server; for example in fstab: /tmp/shared nfs rw,sec=sys 0 0

    or mounting:

    mount -t nfs  -o "rw,sec=sys" /tmp/shared

  3. Mount all nfs from that server

If you check the /proc/mounts you should see the sec=sys instead null and be able to write to remote server


Flex 4: Getting bitmap data on a spark clipped content

Recently I was working on a project where I need to get the bitmap data from a container which had a scroller. From Flex 3 I tried to simply get the content directly from container; but I noticed that I only got the exact image of the scroller (Viewport) instead the full content.

With some playing, I got to the same easy solution; to draw the entire content of the container is to simply disable the clipAndEnableScrolling property over the container I was going to fetch the bitmap data and after drawing, enable again; as internally it just adjust the view properties, you won’t notice the change.

Here is the snippet:

this.containerDraw.clipAndEnableScrolling = false;
this.containerDraw.clipAndEnableScrolling = true;

Where bmSave it’s a BitmapData, you can see an example here:


Yahoo Widgets 4.5

A lot of time ago (about a year and a half) I worked briefly with Yahoo Widgets (previously named Konfabulator), as result I published a Small Widget: FangIT Server Stats. Unfortunately due lack of time I couldn’t finish some features I wanted to make on Yahoo Widgets.

In that time I remember some people were trying to allow Video (mainly FLV) on Widgets or even HTML Content. I left without checking Yahoo Widgets for some time, recently I remember this and checked to know what improvements were done it. When I see the ability to draw on widgets without thinking I downloaded the new Versio: 4.5

I have to say that the features are amazing, among them: Flash Embed, HTML Content, include of XMLHttpRequest, Drawing and even SQLite. I started ‘porting’ the old widget to a new version using this great features.

The widget is almost done and I hope on the next weekend I will release with great features, but meanwhile you surely will want to check Yahoo Widgets and if you’re a developer you will really like it more.